Understanding Charging Steps
Read below for an overview of the charging steps that occur while using a NOCO charger.
Step 1 & 2: Analyze & Diagnose
Checks the battery’s initial condition, including voltage, state-of-charge and health, to determine if the battery is stable before charging.
Step 3: Recovery
Initializes the Recovery desulfation process (if needed) for deeply discharged or sulfated batteries by pulsing small amounts of current.
Step 4: Initialize
Starts the charging process with a gentle (soft) charge.
Step 5 & 6: Opportunity & Bulk
Begins with opportunity charging at a high current, then steps down to the Bulk charging process based on the condition of the battery and returns 80% of the battery’s capacity.
Step 7: Absorption
Brings the charge level to 90% by delivering small amounts of current to provide a safe, efficient charge. This limits battery gassing and is essential to prolonging battery life.
Step 8: Optimization
Finalizes the charging process and brings the battery to maximum capacity. In this step, the charger utilizes multilayered charging profiles to fully recapture capacity and optimize the specific gravity of the battery for increased run time and performance. The charger will switch to Maintenance if the battery tells the charger that more current is needed.
Step 9: Maintenance
Continuously monitors the battery to determine when a maintenance charge should be initiated. If the battery voltage falls below its target threshold, the charger will restart the Maintenance cycle until voltage reaches its optimal state and then discontinues the charge cycle. The cycle between Optimization and Maintenance is repeated indefinitely to keep the battery at full charge. The battery charger can be safely left connected indefinitely without the risk of overcharging.
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